If you want to have an idea of the workings of a long-gone sailing ship, you need to build a full-size replica, and quite a number of those have been made, sometimes funded by the movie industry (see large full-size replica catalog). Another way is to build functional radio-controlled models, of various degrees of complexity (see RC square-rigger catalog).
There is actually a space in-between, for scaled-down replicas that are big enough to carry people. The same phenomenon happened for radio-controlled model airplanes, from quarter-scale to half-scale and up. At some point someone was bold enough to jump in the model, rip out the radio controls, and directly fly the model. This actually led to a whole class of aircraft called 'ultralights". It would be nice if the same happened for ships.
|Bob Allen||Brig||42'||30'||9'||670"||Southampton UK|
|Bounty||Ship||AUS & USA|
|Caroline Allen||see Bob Allen|
|Endeavour||Bark||4:10||13.37 m||12.16 m||4.08 m||Whitby, UK|
|Leon||Brigantine||1:8||21'||14'||5'||130"||New Jersey, USA|
|Libellule||in construction||11'4"||4'11"||IL, USA|
|Lion||Topsail Schooner||1:4||25'||Maryland, USA|
|Preussen||5-masted ship||Potsdam, D|
|Red White, and Blue||Ship||26'||6'1"||NY, USA|
|Royal Louise||Ship||26 m||15,43 m||4,36 m||160 m˛||Potsdam, D|
|Sae Wylfing||1-mast||1:2||45'||7'||Colchester, UK|
|Spirit 2||Double tops'l schooner||16'||USA|
|Three Sisters||Ship||1:5.7||4 m||Ukraine|
|Viking ship||1-mast||1:2||BC, CAN|
This page lists scaled replicas of square-rigged ships. Please let me know of any additions/corrections to be made.
The hull is custom built from Martens Goosens D4 dinghy plans, with daggerboard.
Standing rigging with deadeyes and fully articualted yardarm.
Adventure in harbor trials, then attempting to fight Ariel.
Sails are controlled by 4 sheets and 2 braces; fore and main yards are linked in parallel.
What a good family pretext to dress up and fire large bore cannons...
Single-handling is indeed possible (photo by John Kohnen).
Starting with a 50-year old hull; notice cut-out on bow.
Team effort for the rigging
Really difficult not to be a happy crew.
Note post-1800 modification of spritsail to spanker.
Furling upper sails.
Now, which lines to pull to get out of this?
With the crew crouched down for the picture.
Designed by the famous Scottich Naval Architect Colin Mudie
Ship rests on twin keels at low tide, for "volunteers" to clean the hull...
On port tack
On starboard tack
No lower sails for maneuvering in tight corners
Spotted by Martin Davis from a ferry boat between Portsmouth and Le Havre; no wind, no waves, no sun, no warmth, but still fun!
Launch day, with white uniforms (Boys Life, Sep. 1932)
Underway under reduced sails (Popular Science, May 1938)
Full-scale and 40%-scale ships side by side (timedesign.de/ship)
Returning to Whitby harbor (Fred Brunskill)
Note: This ship is for sale (2010) for 155,000 Pounds Sterling!
First sea trials (photos courtesy Allen Rawl and Gerald Todd).
Hard to say that the hull is only 15 feet long, with crew hiding.
Seven sails because 7th state to ratify (photo by Lauren / JHU).
Underwater hull appears to scale, except for larger rudder (photo Tom Forst).
Golden Hinde firing its guns (Popular Science, May 1938)
Note: There are several full-size replicas of this famous ship.
Silver prints by Percy Loomis Sperr (1890-1964) for sale at Vintage Works, Ltd.
The square stern from the original hull has been rounded up later; the site is New York harbor.
The disk on the sail is the symbol of the famous Black Ball Line (Popular Science, May 1938)
Probably in Maryland during races with a similar mini-brigantine named Nippy (Life, 19 Sep 1938)
Preparing for an another epic movie battle.
from Chatham Navy Week programme for 1933 via Rick F (www.modelboatmayhem.co.uk).
The masts fold neatly for trailering.
Four aboard and still not reaching lully loaded waterlines.
Detail of the simplified controls of the upper yards.
Venturing into more open waters.
YouTube clip showing early sailing trials with 9 of the 14 sails set.
Very scale-like hull on its trailer.
Next to the Hindenburg (Popular Science, May 1938)
from the Illustrated London News, 1866
At quay; looks totally accurate
Saluting with guns
Fabulous day out
Not casting off, then? (photo by Sam Newton).
Swiftly beating the wind (photo by Sam Newton).
Spirit2 on its trailer.
The frigate sailing on an infinity pool overlooking the Black Sea.
Hull appears to be custom built, with pole masts and Bentick booms.
Rolling on logs like the real one a millenium ago.
The yard in two parts appears to be flimsy.
Leaving New York (Harpers Weekly July 9, 1864)
The "New York Times" of July 6, 1864 reports her putting into Provincetown, Cape Cod, with a leak due to a defect in the caulking of about two feet in length, which was repaired.
The "Ottowa Citizen" of May 9, 1866 reports "At mid-Atlantic, when she accomplished about half the voyage, the 'Vision' was spoken [SS Peruvian, 45°10'N 33°W, July 20], but since that time nothing has been heard of her. A Newfoundland paper received in Plymouth, mentions that an empty barrel, with the name 'Vision' painted on it, has been picked up between the coast of Africa and South America. There was little doubt that this belonged to the boat above referred to, whose hazardous voyage has, it is feared, ended in fatal disaster."
The Belleisle amongst friends and foes. Scaled replicas are spreading, at least in the UK!
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